Advances in Production and Applications of Carbon Nanotubes
Beijing Key Laboratory of Green Chemical Reaction Engineering and Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China.
Recent decades have witnessed many breakthroughs in research on carbon nanotubes (CNTs), particularly regarding controllable synthesis, production scale-up, and application advances for this material. This sp2-bonded nanocarbon uniquely combines extreme mechanical strength, exceptionally high electrical conductivity, as well as many other superior properties, making it highly attractive for fundamental research and industrial applications. Synthesis and mass production form the solid basis for high-volume applications of CNTs. During recent decades, CNT production capacity has reached more than thousands of tons per year, greatly decreasing the price of CNTs. Although the unique physiochemical properties of an individual CNT are stated repeatedly, manifestation of such unique properties in a macroscopic material, e.g., realization of high-strength CNT fibers, remains a great challenge. If such challenges are solved, many critical applications will be enabled. Herein we review the critical progress in the development of synthesis and scaled-up production methods for CNTs, and discuss advances in their applications. Scientific problems and technological challenges are discussed together.
Bio: Wei Fei is a Cheungkong scholar Professor of Engineering at Tsinghuan University in Beijing, China, and Director of Beijing key lab of green chemical reaction engineering and technology. He received B.S., master as well asPh.D. from China University of Petroleum in chemical engineering. After a postdoctoral fellowship at Tsinghua University (China), he was appointed an associate professor in 1992 and professor of chemical engineering of Tsinghua University (China) in 1996. He has been co-Chair for the 10thInternational Conference on nanotube and nanowires(NT’09). His scientific interest focuses on control growth of carbon nanotubes, graphene, the application of nanocarbon in energy storage systems and fluidized bed reactor designas well as catalytic reactions for nanocarbon materials, coal to chemical processes.